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Prambanan Temple

Candi Prambanan or Candi Rara Jonggrang is a 9th-century Hindu temple compound in Central Java, Indonesia, dedicated to the Trimurti, the expression of God as the Creator (Brahma), the Preserver (Vishnu) and the Destroyer (Shiva). The temple compound is located approximately 17 kilometres (11 mi) northeast of the city of Yogyakarta on the boundary between Central Java and Yogyakarta provinces.[1]

The temple compound, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is the largest Hindu temple site in Indonesia, and one of the biggest in Southeast Asia. It is characterized by its tall and pointed architecture, typical of Hindu temple architecture, and by the towering 47-metre-high (154 ft) central building inside a large complex of individual temples.[2] Prambanan attracts many visitors from across the world.

The Prambanan temple is the largest Hindu temple of ancient Java, and the first building was completed in the mid-9th century. It was likely started by Rakai Pikatan as the Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty’s answer to the Buddhist Sailendra Dynasty’s Borobudur and Sewu temples nearby. Historians suggest that the construction of Prambanan probably was meant to mark the return of the Hindu Sanjaya Dynasty to power in Central Java after almost a century of Buddhist Sailendra Dynasty domination. The construction of this massive Hindu temple signifies that the Medang court had shifted its patronage from Mahayana Buddhism to Shivaist Hinduism.

A temple was first built at the site around 850 CE by Rakai Pikatan and expanded extensively by King Lokapala and Balitung Maha Sambu the Sanjaya king of the Mataram Kingdom. According to the Shivagrha inscription of 856 CE, the temple was built to honor Lord Shiva, and its original name was Shiva-grha (the House of Shiva) or Shiva-laya (the Realm of Shiva).[4] According to the Shivagrha inscription, a public water project to change the course of a river near Shivagrha Temple was undertaken during the construction of the temple. The river, identified as the Opak River, now runs north to south on the western side of the Prambanan temple compound. Historians suggest that originally the river was curved further to east and was deemed too near to the main temple. The project was done by cutting the river along a north to south axis along the outer wall of the Shivagrha Temple compound. The former river course was filled in and made level to create a wider space for the temple expansion, the space for rows of pervara (complementary) temples.

Some archaeologists propose that the statue of Shiva in the garbhagriha (central chamber) of the main temple was modelled after King Balitung, serving as a depiction of his deified self after death.[5]

The temple compound was expanded by successive Mataram kings, such as Daksa and Tulodong, with the addition of hundreds of perwara temples around the chief temple. Prambanan served as the royal temple of the Kingdom of Mataram, with most of the state’s religious ceremonies and sacrifices being conducted there. At the height of the kingdom, scholars estimate that hundreds of brahmins with their disciples lived within the outer wall of the temple compound. The urban center and the court of Mataram were located nearby, somewhere in the Prambanan Plain.

In the 930s, the court was shifted to East Java by Mpu Sindok, who established the Isyana Dynasty. An eruption of Mount Merapi volcano, located north of Prambanan in central Java, or a power struggle probably caused the shift. That marked the beginning of the decline of the temple. It was soon abandoned and began to deteriorate.

The temples collapsed during a major earthquake in the 16th century. Although the temple ceased to be an important center of worship, the ruins scattered around the area were still recognizable and known to the local Javanese people in later times. The statues and the ruins become the theme and the inspiration for the Loro Jonggrang folktale. After the division of Mataram Sultanate in 1755, the temple ruins and the Opak River were used to demarcate the boundary between Yogyakarta and Surakarta (Solo) Sultanates, which was adopted as the current border between Yogyakarta and the province of Central Java.

 The Javanese locals in the surrounding villages knew about the temple ruins before formal rediscovery, but they did not know about its historical background: which kingdoms ruled or which king commissioned the construction of the monuments. As a result, the locals developed tales and legends to explain the origin of temples, infused with myths of giants, and a cursed princess. They gave Prambanan and Sewu a wondorous origin; these were said in the Loro Jonggrang legend to have been created by a multitude of demons under the order of Bandung Bondowoso.

The temple attracted international attention early in the 19th century. In 1811 during Britain’s short-lived occupation of the Dutch East Indies, Colin Mackenzie, a surveyor in the service of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, came upon the temples by chance. Although Sir Thomas subsequently commissioned a full survey of the ruins, they remained neglected for decades. Dutch residents carried off sculptures as garden ornaments and native villagers used the foundation stones for construction material.

Half-hearted excavations by archaeologists in the 1880s facilitated looting. In 1918, the Dutch began reconstruction of the compound and proper restoration only in 1930. Efforts at restoration continue to this day. The reconstruction of the main Shiva temple was completed around 1953 and inaugurated by Sukarno. Since much of the original stonework has been stolen and reused at remote construction sites, restoration was hampered considerably. given the scale of the temple complex, the government decided to rebuild shrines only if at least 75% of their original masonry was available. Most of the smaller shrines are now visible only in their foundations, with no plans for their reconstruction.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

DIPA Tahun 2016 Untuk DIY Diserahkan

YOGYAKARTA (21/12/2015)jogjaprov.go.id. –  Untuk meningkatkan perekonomian daerah sebagai bagian tidak terpisahkan dari perekonomian nasional dalam penyerahan DIPA Tahun 2016 Gubernur DIY Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono X siang tadi (Senin,21/12) di bangsal Kepatihan Yogyakarta dalam arahan pelaksanaan DIPA 2016 menyampaikan 5 pesan kepada Bupati/Walikota se DIY antara lain Pertama Bupati/Walikota  diharapkan segera melakukan kegiatan penyerahan DIPA Daerah kepada SKPD di masing-masing daerah pada minggu ke-3 atau minggu ke-4 Desember 2015. Hal ini untuk memaastikan agar supaya perekonomian dapat bergerak lebih cepat sejak awal tahun 2016.

Kedua, tingkatkan kualitas belaanja daerah dengan memastikan alokasi anggaran benar-benar dimanfaatkan untuk program dan keguiatan dengan nilai tambah yang besar bagi masyarakat. Ehingga kesenjangan ekonomi antar daerah dapat dikurangi melalui peningkataan kualitas belanja daerah. Berikan porsi yang lebih besar untuk pos belanja produktif, seperti belanja modal dan infrastruktur. Lakukan efisien belanja operasional seperti belanja pegawai dan belanja barang.

Ketiga, Gubernur meminta agar APBD dapat dsayahkan tepat waktu, sehingga pelaksanaan kegiatan yang dapat bersumber dari APBD dapat segera dilaksanakan tanpa kendala administrasi, prosedural dan birokrasi.

Keempat, Tingkatkan kompetensi segenap aparatur, utamanya untuk meningkatkan kualitas belanja, transparansi dan akuntabilitas pengelolaan keuangan daerah dan  Kelima, dari sisi pelayanan, diminta kepada Bupati/Walikota agar memiliki one stop service untuk mempercepaat proses perijinan. Disamping ittu juga perlu dilakukan peningkatan promosi investasi, karena hal tersebut membutuh partisipasi dan dukungan daerah.

Sementara itu Kepala Kantor  Wilayah Direktorat Jendral Perbendaharaan  DIY Dra. Afiah  dalam laporannya menyatakan bahwa  DIPA DIY Tahun 2016 yang diserahkan hari ini untuk Kementerian Negara/Lembaga pada wilayah DIY  berjumlah 425 DIPA dengan nilai Rp.8,79 triliun terdiri atas DIPA Kantor Pusat (KP) sebanyak 28 DIPA, dengan nilai Rp.2,67 Triliun, DIPA Kantor Pusat (KD) berjumlah 305 DIPA senilai Rp.5,76 Triliun, DIPA Dekonsentrasi (DK) berjumlah 56 DIPA senilai 206,63 muiliar dan DIPA Tugas Pembantuan (TP) berjumlah 36 DIPA dengan nilai Rp.154,44 miliar.

Untuk Alokasi dana transfer ke DIY dan Dana Desa di DIY ayang akan dipergunakan sebagai dasar pelaksanaan APBD Tahun 2016 yaitu senilaii Rp.9,13 Triliun dengan perincian: Dana Perimbangan (DAU, DBH, DAK) Rp.8,13 Triliun, Dana Keistimewaan tahun 2016 Rp.547,45 miliar, Dana Insentif Daerah (DID) sebanyak Rp.164,68 miliar dan Dana desa Rp. 287,69 miliar.

Dibagian lain  dalam kesempatan itu Gubernur DIY Hamengku Buwono X mengingatkan bahwa mengacu arahan Presiden dalam Penyerahan DIPA Nasional mengatakan bahwa DIPA 2016 diserahkan di Pertengahan Bulan Desember 2015 agar  pelaksanaan  kegiatan yang direncanakan tahun 2016 dapat segera dimulai, sehingga penyerapan belanja tidak menumpuk di aklhir tahun. Untuk itu lanjut Sultan perlu diapkan langkah-langkah Pertama,mengingatkan kembali untuk memulai pra lelang proyek-proyek dan kegiatan ditahun 2016 lebih awal pada triwulan IV 2015, agar kegiatan pembanguinan dapat diyakini sudah efektif berjalan pada Januari 2016. Kedua, agar kendala administratif, prosedural, dan birokrasi seegera diselesaikan. Ketiga, harus segera ditunjuk Pejabat Perbendaaharaan keuangan negara, sehingga dapat dengan segera pula menjalankan fungsinya seseuai ketentuan yang berlaku.

Sedangkan Dirjen Perbendaharaan Negara kementerian Keuangan RI Marwanto Hardjowiryono mengapresiasi DIY karena memiliki 2  KPPN yang sah dan tersertifikasi memiliki setandar bukan saja nasional tetapi  standar internasional sehingga dapat memberikan pelayanan sebaik-baiknya kepada masyarakat.

Bersamaan dengan diserahkannya DIPA untuk DIY Tahun 2016 yang ditandai dengan Penandatangan Berita Acara serah terima DIPA  kepada Bupati/Walikota se DIY juga diserahkan penghargaan bagi SKPD berkinerja Terbaik Tahun 2015 kepada Badan Statistik Kabupaten Sleman, Kejaksanaan negeri Yogyakarta,Kantor Pelayanan pajak Pratama Wates, Pengadilan Agama Bantul dan Madrasah Tsanawiyah Negeri Wonosari  serta Satuan Kerja terpilih masing-masing Perwakilan BPK, Polda DIY, Kejaksaan Tinggi Yogyakarta, Kanwil Ditjen Perbendaharaan DIY serta Sekda DIY.  Selain itu juga diserahkan Penghargaan ISO  9001:2008  dari  Badan Sertifikasi System Manajemen Mutu atau  British Standard Institusion (BSI Indonesia) Nailish kepada Kepala kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara (KPPN) Yogyakarta  dan disaksikan pejabat Forkompimda. (krn)

Humas DIY

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Koleksi Kebaya Terbaru

Kebaya KE1301024Kunjungi halaman koleksi kebaya terbaru kami di : Galeri Foto Kebaya

Nb. : Biaya jaminan yang kami tampilkan sudah termasuk biaya sewa

Koleksi Kebaya Terbaru

Kebaya KE1301034Kunjungi halaman koleksi kebaya terbaru kami di : Galeri Foto Kebaya

Nb. : Biaya jaminan yang kami tampilkan sudah termasuk biaya sewa

Paket Foto Outdoor

Sasikirana Gallery melayani paket foto outdoor khusus untuk wilayah Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya… untuk galeri foto lengkapnya silahkan klik tautan dibawah ini :

Galeri Foto Bebas

 

Sewa Kebaya Pengantin Wilayah Yogyakarta

Selain menyediakan kain batik tulis bakaran dan batik tulis lasem, Sasikirana Gallery juga melayani jasa sewa kebaya pengantin khusus untuk wilayah Yogyakarta dan sekitarnya… untuk galeri foto lengkapnya silahkan klik tautan dibawah ini :

Galeri Foto Kebaya Pengantin